Facebook has broadened its campaign to raise awareness about fake news, by publishing adverts in the UK press.
The ads, in papers including The Times, The Guardian and Daily Telegraph, carry a list of ten things to look out for when deciding if a story is genuine.
They include checking the article date and website address, as well as making sure it isn’t intended as satire.
Facebook is under fresh political pressure to tackle fake news in the run up to the UK general election.
Meanwhile, a BBC Panorama investigation to be broadcast later on Monday has found the social network played a decisive role in both the US election and Britain’s EU referendum last year.
The platform said it had already removed “tens of thousands” of fake Facebook accounts and that systems were now monitoring the repeated posting of the same content or a sharp increase in messaging. Accounts display this activity are then flagged, it added.
Facebook is also decreasing the ranking of stories that people tend to read but not share.
Last month Conservative MP Damian Collins asked Facebook to tackle fake news in the run up to the UK general election on 8 June.
“The danger is, if for many people the main source of news is Facebook and if the news they get on Facebook is mostly fake news, they could be voting based on lies,” he told the Guardian.
In a report released last month, Facebook admitted it had seen political propaganda deliberately spread on its site.
“We have observed many actions by fake account operators that could only be performed by people with language skills and a basic knowledge of the political situation in the target countries, suggesting a higher level of coordination and forethought,” it said in the document.
It added that “several” cases during the 2016 US Presidential election had required action.
“People want to see accurate information on Facebook and so do we,” said Simon Milner, Facebook’s UK director of policy
“To help people spot false news we are showing tips to everyone on Facebook on how to identify if something they see is false.”
He added that the firm was “supporting” two third-party fact checkers – Full Fact and First Draft – in the run up to the election but Facebook declined to say whether this is a financial arrangement.
Facebook’s ten steps for spotting fake news
- Be sceptical of headlines
- Look closely at the URL [web address]
- Investigate the source
- Watch for unusual formatting
- Consider the photos
- Check the date
- Check the evidence
- Look at other reports
- Is the story a joke?
- Some stories are intentionally false [satirical]
When word-of-mouth plays into the hands of scammers: Analysis by Zoe Kleinman, BBC Technology Reporter
The spread of fake news across social media was accused by some of influencing the US presidential election in 2016.
Facebook has not gone so far as to accept that but its latest report acknowledges that that there was some activity which “required action”.
With the UK election just a month away today there is added pressure to crack down on it in Britain.
The creators of fake news make money because of the clicks on the ads they carry. Google and Facebook say they are committed to blocking them from using ad services but they are still popping up.
It’s interesting and perhaps a sign of Facebook’s older membership that it has chosen traditional print media to help spread its message in the UK.
The ten tips are sound advice and will be well-known to journalists already as standard checks. The difficulty is that if the link pops up in your Facebook news feed because it’s been shared by one of your friends or relatives, you’re likely to be more inclined to accept it at face value.
The power of word-of-mouth as a marketing tool is well known to both marketing professionals and scammers alike.